You are here

Share page with AddThis

Break bruchid egg laying cycle

Agronomy Issues
07.05.2019
Bruchid beetle
Adult Bruchid beetle sexual activity hots up as temperatures increase; two days above 20C and egg laying starts in earnest. Treatment has to target adults, before larvae burrow into pods.

Bean growers have a better chance to control bruchid beetle this season, but may need to start control programmes earlier and protect crops for longer if there’s another long hot summer.

The good news is that, after such a relatively mild winter, adult beetle populations are typically less problematic, according to Syngenta Insecticides Technical Manager, Dr Max Newbert. He cited research that showed when beetles remain active through a warm winter, but without adequate pollen food resources, there are lower numbers surviving through to the spring.

“Coupled with the reports of good establishment of winter bean crops, along with strong emergence of spring beans with few signs of weevil damage, there is the potential to justify controlling bruchid beetle and aiming for a human consumption premium,” Max advocated.

Whilst the BruchidCast advance warning system has proven highly effective in predicting the onset and in-season bruchid beetle breeding and egg laying, Max reported trials have shown a big advantage in earlier well-timed control of the adult population to reduce initial numbers.

Winter bean crop in flower

“If bruchid are actively present in the crop as it reaches the susceptible first pod set on the lower trusses, apply a knockdown treatment with Hallmark Zeon when temperatures reach above 15°C,” he advised.

“That has shown to positively reduce the amount of egg laying when the BruchidCast trigger point, of two consecutive days with a temperature in excess of 20°C, is reached.”

Max pointed out that this approach, to reduce egg laying potential, means a second application, with thiacloprid, could better target any remaining hatched larvae. He also reminded growers that, with any insecticide application for bruchid beetle, no triazole-based fungicide should be included in the tank mix.

Trials had shown alternating knockdown of adult beetles with Hallmark Zeon, along with systemic treatment for larvae with thiacloprid, could give the best reduction in physical holes in beans. Initial reduction in egg laying is key, however, since even tiny nicks in the bean seed as any larvae ingest the insecticide, can make the seed more susceptible to fungal infection during storage – leading to greater losses.

“If BruchidCast indicates prolonged beetle breeding activity through the summer, growers may need to continue the alternating programme to achieve desired levels of control,” he added.

BruchidCast logo 2017

Growers and agronomists can register here to receive localised BruchidCast warning emails